# Data Preprocessing with Orange Tool

This blog is about data preprocessing using the Orange tool to explore Orange library in python and perform various data preprocessing tasks like Discretization, , Randomization, and Normalization on data with help of various Orange functions.

In the Orange tool canvas, take the Python script from the left panel and double click on it.

**Discretization**

Data discretization is a method of converting attributes values of continuous data into a finite set of intervals with minimum data loss. In this example We have taken the built in dataset provided by Orange namely **iris **which classifies the flowers based on their characteristics. For performing discretization Discretize function is used.

**Continuization**

Given a data table, return a new table in which the discretize attributes are replaced with continuous or removed.

- binary variables are transformed into 0.0/1.0 or -1.0/1.0 indicator variables, depending upon the argument
`zero_based`

. - multinomial variables are treated according to the argument
`multinomial_treatment`

. - discrete attribute with only one possible value are removed.

**Normalization**

Normalization is used to scale the data of an attribute so that it falls in a smaller range, such as -1.0 to 1.0 or 0.0 to 1.0. Normalization is generally required when we are dealing with attributes on a different scale, otherwise, it may lead to a dilution in effectiveness of an important equally important attribute(on lower scale) because of other attribute having values on larger scale. We use the Normalize function to perform normalization.

**Randomization**

With randomization, given a data table, preprocessor returns a new table in which the data is shuffled. Randomize function is used from the Orange library to perform randomization.

So this is all for this blog, we use various preprocessing functions in Orange library for data preprocessing.

So this is all for this blog, we use various preprocessing functions in Orange library for data preprocessing.